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base:16bit_addition_and_subtraction [2015-04-17 04:30] (current)
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 +==== 16-bit addition and subtraction ====
 +
 +16-bit basic arithmetic is very easy. Using the carry flag, you can simply chain 8-bit operations to perform this simple task on longer integers. Starting from the least signifant byte, work your way up to the MSB. The routine is the same for adding and subtracting,​ except for the fact that when adding, the carry flag is initially cleared and for subtracting,​ it is set to 1, in order for it being possible to borrow from the carry. You can expand the routines below, putting more bytes to the numbers and repeating the lda, adc/sbc, sta block for each of them in order, to create 24-bit, 32-bit or more add and sub routines.
 +
 +<​code>​
 +; 16-bit addition and subtraction simple example by FMan/Tropyx
 +
 + !to "​16bitaddandsub.prg",​cbm ;​ compile using ACME
 +
 + num1lo = $62
 + num1hi = $63
 + num2lo = $64
 + num2hi = $65
 + resultlo = $66
 + resulthi = $67
 +
 +; adds numbers 1 and 2, writes result to separate location
 +
 +add clc ;​ clear carry
 + lda num1lo
 + adc num2lo
 + sta reslo ; store sum of LSBs
 + lda num1hi
 + adc num2hi ; add the MSBs using carry from
 + sta reshi ; the previous calculation
 + rts
 +
 +; subtracts number 2 from number 1 and writes result out
 +
 +sub sec ;​ set carry for borrow purpose
 + lda num1lo
 + sbc num2lo ; perform subtraction on the LSBs
 + sta reslo
 + lda num1hi ; do the same for the MSBs, with carry
 + sbc num2hi ; set according to the previous result
 + sta reshi
 + rts
 +</​code>​
 +
 +
 +Added by enthusi.
 +In case you substract or add a constant 8bit value to a 16 bit value you can shorten the approach:
 +<​code>​
 +add clc
 + lda my16bit_lsb
 + adc #40
 + sta my16bit_lsb
 +        bcc ok             
 +        inc my16bit_msb
 +ok
 +        rts
 +</​code>​
  
base/16bit_addition_and_subtraction.txt ยท Last modified: 2015-04-17 04:30 (external edit)