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base:8-bit_ranged_comparison [2015-04-17 04:30] external edit
base:8-bit_ranged_comparison [2015-04-22 20:15] (current)
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 +====== Range Checking a Byte ======
 +===== Approach by White Flame =====
 +In checking for the range [x,y), instead of performing 2 comparisons the idea is to subtract x to align the range to [0,y-x).  This then allows us to perform a single unsigned comparison to check both ends of the range.
 +Any numbers lower than the original range will have wrapped the byte into the high values <=255, and any number higher than the original range will still be too large.
 +<code asm>
 +; Check .A for the range [10,100)
 + sec
 + sbc #10  ; start of the range
 + cmp #90  ; length of the range
 + bcs fail ; result needs to be 0-89 to pass the original 10-99 check
 + ...      ; .A is in range here, and Carry is clear
 +===== Approach by Lee Davison =====
 +For all of these we assume that the byte to be tested is in A and that the start and end values, n and m, are already defined. Also that 0 < n < m < $FF. 
 +If you don't need to preserve the byte in A then testing the byte can be done in five bytes and only six cycles. This sets the carry if A is in the range n to m. 
 +<code asm>
 + CLC ; clear carry for add
 + ADC #$FF-m; make m = $FF
 + ADC #m-n+1; carry set if in range n to m
 +Obviously, if the state of the carry flag is always known before executing this code, you can skip the CLC as well and adjust the routine accordingly.
base/8-bit_ranged_comparison.txt ยท Last modified: 2015-04-22 20:15 by ftc