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base:extract_column_from_tile_based_map [2015-04-17 04:31] (current)
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 +====== Extract column from tile based maps ======
 +by Achim
  
 +For a side scrolling game you'll have to extract one row only from your tile data
 +and print it left or right on the screen.
 +The following routine can be used to extract columns on either side.
 +Call it like this:
 +
 + ldy lo-bytescreen
 + ldx hi-bytescreen
 + jsr extractcolumn
 +
 +To make this work properly a map pointer (always top/left) and tileX (=column 00, 01, 02, 03)
 +have to be defined.
 +
 +The main program should use it like this.
 +
 +Pseudo code for scrolling to the right (player moving left)
 +
 +<code>
 + ldx tileX
 + dex
 + bpl !+ //tileX<00?
 + lda mappointer //shift map pointer to the left...
 + sec
 + sbc #$01
 + sta mappointer
 + lda mappointer+1
 + sbc #$00
 + sta mappointer+1
 + ldx #$03 //...and start with column 03
 +!: stx tileX
 +
 + lda mappointer //use tmp to make sure
 + sta maptmp //the map pointer
 + lda mappointer+1 //doesn't get messed up
 + sta maptmp+1
 +
 + ldy lo-bytescreenleft
 + ldx lo-bytescreenleft
 + jsr extract column
 +</code>
 +
 +To print new data on the right, switch the mappointer to top/right first. 
 +Then extract a new column, finally increment tileX (and mappointer if necessary).
 +
 +Pseudo code for scrolling to the left (player moving right)
 +
 +<code>
 + lda mappointer //switch to top/right
 + clc
 + adc #$0a                //#$08 in case of 5x5
 + sta maptmp //again using a tmp
 + lda mappointer+1
 + adc #$00
 + sta maptmp+1
 +
 + ldy lo-bytescreenright
 + ldx hi-bytescreenright
 + jsr extract column
 +
 + ldx tileX
 + inx
 + cpx #$04 //tileX>4?
 + bne no
 + inc mappointer          //shift map pointer to the right...
 + bne !+
 + inc mappointer+1
 +!: ldx #$00                //...and start with column 00 
 +no: stx tileX
 +</code>
 +
 +Here's the code. MapX and Mappointer have to be handled by your main program.
 +
 +<code>
 +/*------------------------------------------------
 +Extract colummn from tile data
 +by A. Volkers, 2011
 +
 +y = lo-byte screen column
 +x = hi-byte screen column
 +
 +->KickAssambler
 +------------------------------------------------*/
 +.pc = $1000
 +
 +
 +.const tilemem = 48 //hi-byte tile data: $3000
 +
 +.var tileX = $02 //column 0-3
 +.var mappointer = $03 //16bit address for main program
 +.var mapX = $05 //map width
 +.var tiledata = $f9 //16bit address tile
 +.var screenposition = $fb //16bit screen column
 +.var maptmp = $fd //16bit map tmp for decoding
 +.var numberTiles = $ff //number of tiles top-bottom
 +
 +
 +
 +newcolumn: sty screenposition
 + stx screenposition+1
 + lda #$05 //5 tiles top-bottom, 20 screen rows
 + sta numberTiles
 +
 +readcolumn: ldy #$00
 + lda (maptmp),y //calculate tile data address
 + and #$0f //use tables for 5x5 tiles instead
 + asl
 + asl
 + asl
 + asl
 + sta tiledata //lo-byte
 + lda (maptmp),y
 + and #$f0
 + lsr
 + lsr
 + lsr
 + lsr
 + clc
 +                adc #tilemem //hi-byte
 + sta tiledata+1
 +
 + ldy tileX
 + lda (tiledata),y
 + ldy #$00
 + sta (screenposition),y
 + lda tileX
 + clc
 + adc #$04
 + tay
 + lda (tiledata),y
 + ldy #$28
 + sta (screenposition),y
 + lda tileX
 + clc
 + adc #$08
 + tay
 + lda (tiledata),y
 + ldy #$50
 + sta (screenposition),y
 + lda tileX
 + clc
 + adc #$0c
 + tay
 + lda (tiledata),y
 + ldy #$78
 + sta (screenposition),y //add ldy #$a0 sta(screenposition),y for 5x5 tiles
 +
 + lda maptmp //next map row
 + clc
 + adc mapX
 + sta maptmp
 + bcc !+
 + inc maptmp+1
 +
 +!: lda screenposition //adjust screen position
 + clc
 + adc #$a0 //#$c8 in case of 5x5 tiles
 + sta screenposition
 + bcc !+
 + inc screenposition+1
 +
 +!: dec numberTiles //all tiles done?
 + bne readcolumn
 + rts
 +</code>
 +
 +The following example decodes a whole screen first (using this routine: [[decoding_tile_based_maps|Decoding 4x4 tiles]]), then a map can be scrolled left and right (hard scrolling only). Combine it with soft scrolling and colour RAM shifting.
 +{{:base:tile_column.zip|}}
base/extract_column_from_tile_based_map.txt ยท Last modified: 2015-04-17 04:31 (external edit)