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base:fpd [2015-04-17 04:31]
127.0.0.1 external edit
base:fpd [2015-06-27 16:11] (current)
joriszwart.nl added binary
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 +====== FPD - Flexible Pixel Distance ======
 +
 +FPD means the ability move a single pixel-line of graphics vertically on the screen. FPD can visually be compared to FLD, only that FPD is 8 times more beautiful, but technically it's quite different. You can also simulate FLD with an FPD-effect.
 +
 +The invention of FPD probably origins from the crap gfx you get when you do a [[base:​linecrunch|line-cruncher]]. Linecrunchers are mostly used to move big areas of bitmap-gfx on the screen, where as copying would take far too much time. The crunched lines stack up above the bitmap-area that you actually want to display, but those crunched lines can of course be used for something as well, and FPD is the effect that allows for here. By introducing gaps between the crunched lines (just like in FLD), you can control every individual pixel-line distance from the previous pixel-line.
 +
 +Here follows a code example, which is based on the linecrunch example. Perhaps you'll better understand all details if you tried that one first. This routine does not really take every pixel-line and do desired amount of FLD on it, but rather it reads one byte per line from a table that tells wether this line should be displayed or not. If the line should not be displayed then a value is stored to $d011 that does not trigger any badline, linecrunch or anything, i call it an FLD-line. If a line should be displayed, then a value that triggers linecrunch is stored to $d011 at the right timing.
 +
 +Binary: {{:​base:​fpd.zip|}}
 +
 +<​code>​
 +       sei
 +loop1
 +        bit $d011 ; Wait for new frame
 +        bpl *-3
 +        bit $d011
 +        bmi *-3
 +
 +        lda #$3b ; Set y-scroll to normal position
 +        sta $d011
 +
 +        jsr SetupFPDTable ; Nice FPD effect
 +
 +        lda #$59 ; Wait for position where we want FPD to start
 +        cmp $d012
 +        bne *-3
 +
 +        ldy #10 ; Wait one more line..
 +        dey
 +        bne *-1
 +        nop
 +        nop
 +        cmp $d012 ; ..and make a bit more stabel raster
 +        bne *+5
 +        bit 0
 +        nop
 +
 +        ldx #0 ; Clear counter
 +loop2
 +        ldy #5 ; Wait some cycles
 +        dey
 +        bne *-1
 +        nop
 +        nop
 +        nop
 +
 +        lda FPDTable,x ; Load 0 or 1 from table, where 0 will skip a line with FLD
 +                       ; and 1 will draw a line using linecrunch
 +        lsr ; 0 or 1 moves into carry flag
 +        lda $d012
 +        adc #7 ; Add 7 or 8 depending on carry
 +        and #7
 +        ora #$38
 +        sta $d011 ; Do one line of FLD or LineCrunch
 +
 +        nop ; Wait some more cycles so that the whole loop ends up on 63 cycles (= one PAL raster line)
 +
 +        inx
 +        cpx #100
 +        beq loop1 ; Exit if end is reached
 +        jmp loop2 ; Otherwise loop
 +
 +SetupFPDTable
 +        lda #0 ; First clear the table
 +        sta YPos
 +        ldy #0
 +        sta FPDTable,y
 +        iny
 +        bne *-4
 +
 +        lda #0 ; Increase the starting value
 +        inc *-1
 +        asl
 +        sta AddVal
 +
 +        ldy #0 ; This loop will insert 16 1:s into the table..
 +               ; At those positions the graphics will be displayed
 +SFT_1
 +        lda AddVal
 +        clc
 +        adc #10
 +        sta AddVal
 +        bpl *+4
 +        eor #$ff
 +        lsr
 +        lsr
 +        lsr
 +        lsr
 +        sec
 +        adc YPos
 +        sta YPos
 +        tax
 +        lda #1
 +        sta FPDTable,x
 +        iny
 +        cpy #16
 +        bcc SFT_1
 +        rts
 +
 +YPos    .byte 0
 +AddVal ​ .byte 0
 +
 +        .align $100 ; Align the table to a new page, this way lda FPDTable,x always takes 4 cycles.
 +FPDTable
 +        .dsb 100,0 ; Reserve 100 bytes for the table
 +</​code>​
  
base/fpd.txt ยท Last modified: 2015-06-27 16:11 by joriszwart.nl